Wednesday, June 13, 2018

What are the treatments for diabetes?

What are the treatments for diabetes?
In all cases: it is advisable to change your diet and practice regular physical activity. A diabetic person should prefer slow sugars (rice, pasta), fibre (fruit, vegetables, cereals) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (olive oil, sunflower oil). Avoid fast sugars (sodas, sweets) and too much red meat. Meals should preferably be taken at a set time (no snacking).
In type 1 diabetes: insulin injections are required. You control your blood sugar to see how much insulin you need to give. Some patients may be equipped with an insulin pump that delivers the right dose of insulin.

In type 2 diabetes: if dietary changes combined with exercise are not enough to control blood sugar, the doctor may prescribe antidiabetic drugs: hypoglycemic sulfonamides, glinides, biguanides, intestinal alphaglucosidase inhibitors or glitazones. These drugs can cause side effects: digestive problems (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain...), vision problems, weight gain, headache or joint pain. Do not hesitate to report them to your doctor who will modify your treatment accordingly. If anti-diabetics are not enough, your GP may also prescribe insulin treatment.


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